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Plus: Perfect penalty takers; Hendon FC: record-breakers?; Prolific debuts (2); and was Joey Barton the first player to face FA sanction for mooning? Send your questions and answers to knowledge@theguardian.com and follow us on Twitter"B...
Plus: Perfect penalty takers; Hendon FC: record-breakers?; Prolific debuts (2); and was Joey Barton the first player to face FA sanction for mooning? Send your questions and answers to knowledge@theguardian.com and follow us on Twitter"Barring those countries that are new to the international stage, which player has the accolade of being his country's highest-capped player but with the lowest tally when compared to other holders of the same record with other nations?" wondered Nick Goodeve-Docker.Wonder no longer, Nick. Well, hopefully. Because compiling the stats of international football players can, at times, be a case of treading delicately through international politics too. The various incarnations of Yugoslavia (record appearances: Dragan Dzajic, 85 caps), Croatia (Darijo Srna, 107), Slovenia (Zlatko Zahovic, 80), Macedonia (Goce Sedloski, 100), Serbia (Dejan Stankovic, 102), Montenegro (Simon Vukcevic, 42), Serbia and Montenegro (Savo Milosevic, 101) Bosnia and Herzegovina (Zvjezdan Misimovic, 76) for example throw up all sorts of problems. So it's fortunate that none of them come even close to holding the record for the least capped footballer to hold his country's highest appearance record. Montenegro's Vukcevic, however, is the least capped, most capped footballer for a side in the top 30 of the Fifa rankings.Instead, we turn out attention to more exotic climes. The Northern Mariana Islands, located somewhere between Hawaii and the Philippines in the western Pacific Ocean, have only ever played 16 matches. Most of them have been against their near neighbours Guam who have something of a habit of thumping them. In fact everyone makes something of a habit of thumping them, with Nepal, Palestine and Bangladesh putting a combined 19 goals past them in their last three matches. Their most capped player is Joe Wang Miller, who also happens to be their top scorer with four goals in a total of 10 appearances. However, since the Northern Mariana Islands have only really properly been in existence as a national footballing side since 2006, when it was accepted into the East Asian Football Federation, they count as one of Nick's countries that are new to the international stage.So it is to another part of the Pacific Ocean we must go. Kiribati's first international match came against Papua New Guinea in 1979. They were hammered 13-0, which has rather set the tone. Two days after the PNG defeat, they were beaten 24-0 by Fiji and have yet to actually win a match in 10 attempts. Their last two have both, oddly, been 17-1 defeats (to Papua New Guinea again and Tahiti) and their most regular player has been Nabaruru Batiri who has turned out for them eight times, making him – as far as we can tell – the footballer with the least international caps to also hold a country's appearance record.There are others elsewhere, though none appear to hold as low a total as Batiri. Girdon Connor's record 17 appearances for Anguilla is good, while Kasim Abdullah's record 19 for the Comoros Islands is impressive too, though one quirky one is Waldemar Philippi's record 18 appearances for Saarland which we think takes the European record. The team only existed between 1950 and 1956 when the French occupied the German area in the wake of ther Second World War. The locals didn't want to play for France and considered themselves independent of Germany too, so set up shop alone. They played only 19 games, most of them against B teams, and entered the qualifying stages of the 1954 World Cup where they did manage to beat Norway 3-2 but failed to overcome their neighbours West Germany who went on to win the competition outright. By 1958, Saar had been reabsorbed back into West Germany and so Philippi's record is unlikely ever to be broken.Have we forgotten someone? Email usPERFECT PENALTIES"Mario Balotelli's first penalty miss in professional football got me thinking," thinks Sandro Chung-Meiste. "Has there been a player who never missed a penalty in prof
about 3 hours ago
by Tinne Lernout, Eric Cardinale, Maël Jego, Philippe Desprès, Louis Collet, Betty Zumbo, Emmanuel Tillard, Sébastien Girard, Laurent Filleul Retrospective studies and surveillance on humans and animals revealed that Rift Valley Fever...
by Tinne Lernout, Eric Cardinale, Maël Jego, Philippe Desprès, Louis Collet, Betty Zumbo, Emmanuel Tillard, Sébastien Girard, Laurent Filleul Retrospective studies and surveillance on humans and animals revealed that Rift Valley Fever virus (RVFV) has been circulating on Mayotte for at least several years. A study was conducted in 2011 to estimate the seroprevalence of RVF in humans and in animals and to identify associated risk factors. Using a multistage cluster sampling method, 1420 individuals were enrolled in the human study, including 337 children aged 5 to 14 years. For the animal study, 198 seronegative ruminants from 33 randomly selected sentinel ruminant herds were followed up for more than one year. In both studies, information on environment and risk factors was collected through a standardized questionnaire. The overall weighted seroprevalence of RVFV antibodies in the general population aged ?5 years was 3.5% (95% CI 2.6–4.8). The overall seroprevalence of RVFV antibodies in the ruminant population was 25.3% (95% CI 19.8–32.2). Age (?15), gender (men), place of birth on the Comoros, living in Mayotte since less than 5 years, low educational level, farming and living close to a water source were significantly associated with RVFV seropositivity in humans. Major risk factors for RFV infection in animals were the proximity of the farm to a water point, previous two-month rainfall and absence of abortions disposal. Although resulting in few clinical cases in humans and in animals, RVFV has been circulating actively on the island of Mayotte, in a context of regular import of the virus from nearby countries through illegal animal movements, the presence of susceptible animals and a favorable environment for mosquito vectors to maintain virus transmission locally. Humans and animals share the same ways of RVFV transmission, with mosquitoes playing an important role. The studies emphasize the need for a one health approach in which humans and animals within their ecosystems are included.
1 day ago
"Schüsse Aus Dem Geigenkasten" or "The Violin Case Murders" was the first in the series of Jerry Cotton films that started in 1965! For me, it's not the best of the bunch, because they were still figuring things out, but just like every ...
"Schüsse Aus Dem Geigenkasten" or "The Violin Case Murders" was the first in the series of Jerry Cotton films that started in 1965! For me, it's not the best of the bunch, because they were still figuring things out, but just like every other Jerry Cotton film, it's still a fun watch, no matter what!The Jerry Cotton series were German films about American places and characters! Kind of like me writing stories about some guy in Kiribati, Nauru, Tuvalu, Comoros, or Vanuatu!!Dungeon Super Hero Peter Thomas once again is the guy in charge of the music! Here's a small sample of what he came up with for this film! Besides being an amazing composer, Peter also developed and used on some of his soundtracks an instrument known as the "Thowiephon," an instrument not nearly as well known as it's cousin the Theremin, but just as cool!"The Violin Case Murders" was also released as the catchy title "Operation Hurricane: Friday Noon," whatever the Hell that's supposed to mean!Machine gun inside a violin case, hence "Violin Case Murders!" Pretty nifty, eh?This is a sample of the end-product of an ancient device known as a typewriter! At one time it was as high tech as an 8 track tape player, and just a few steps forward from cave paintings!The G Men, and the T men, and the Revenuers too, were lookin' for the place they were cookin' up the stew! Time to call Jerry Cotton out of training!This, my friends, is a genuine Ford tail light!!Hubba, Hubba, Happy Birthday to me!!As in all Jerry Cotton films, green screen is used to the hilt! Sometimes hokey, and sometimes to perfection!Just to show you how classy they are, the Violin Case gang works out of the local bowling alley! Now it's time for Jerry Cotton to try and infiltrate the gang!! This is an awesome shot of George Nader!!Jerry takes on the persona of a drunk punk to get to the inside of the out crowd!Next up on the hit list of people to rob is Grandpa Munster! He pisses off the robbers because he hoards all his jewels and doesn't even share the viewing of them with anyone!Everything about this shot just absolutely screams 1965!!This is another great shot of George Nader as Jerry Cotton!Hey, if you're going to carry machine guns around in violin cases, it's a pretty good idea to at least have some sheet music with you as a cover!It's going to take a lot more than a switchblade to get rid of Jerry Cotton! Remember this was only the first in the series, there were at least seven more to go!
3 days ago
Intelligence agents are said to have been in Westgate mall just hours before killings, as criticism of government growsKenyan authorities had intelligence pointing to an attack in Nairobi a day before the Westgate mall attack. According ...
Intelligence agents are said to have been in Westgate mall just hours before killings, as criticism of government growsKenyan authorities had intelligence pointing to an attack in Nairobi a day before the Westgate mall attack. According to counter-terrorism documents, the government and military were warned that al-Shabaab was planning an attack on the capital where it would storm a building and hold hostages.There are also reports that Kenyan intelligence agents were at Westgate a few hours before the crowded shopping centre was struck by heavily armed terrorists last Saturday, in a four-day siege that left at least 67 people dead."We cannot say that this attack comes as a surprise," said Farah Maalim, former deputy speaker of the Kenyan National Assembly. "The possibility of something like this happening, and of failures in the Kenyan intelligence community, has worried us for years." Maalim added: "We have an intelligence service more worried about internal party politics than about threats to national security."It was announced yesterday that a sixth Briton has died following the siege. The Foreign Office has said it cannot rule out the possibility of further casualties.Kenya refuses to comment on reports of warnings prior to the attack, but officials say they are still investigating the relationship between the attackers and al-Shabaab's local offshoot, al-Hijra. In the past, Kenya's large Somali-Kenyan population has borne the brunt of suspicion for involvement in terrorism, but sources say that the authorities are now focusing investigations on ethnic Kenyan converts to Islam for suspected links in the Westgate attack. One young convert was arrested and allegedly tortured last week, say human rights groups, for his suspected role in al-Hijra and Westgate. Allegations of human rights abuses and extrajudicial killings by the Kenyan authorities have gone hand in hand with their continuing investigations into al-Shabaab and al-Hijra networks in Kenya.Terrorist activity in cells in cities such as Nairobi and Mombasa has led to a spate of arrests – including the warrant for the arrest of British woman Samantha Lewthwaite – and what are believed to be assassinations after senior figures such as Aboud Rogo Mohammed, a former leader of al-Hijra, have been killed in unexplained circumstances.Experts say that, as al-Shabaab has been weakened in Somalia, it has focused more and more on Kenya and its al-Hijra cell. In a report earlier this year, the United Nations group of experts that monitors the activities of al-Shabaab points to the appointment of a new leader for the group in Kenya last year, Sheikh Ahmad Iman Ali, as the impetus for a wave of grenade attacks and improvised explosive device explosions in Kenya, which have killed scores in recent months.The report also warns that al-Hijra was planning large-scale attacks such as the one on the Westgate mall. "Al-Shabaab no longer recruits young Somali men to carry out dirty work for them," said Abdiwahab Sheikh Abdisamad, a Somali-Kenyan Horn of Africa specialist at Kenyatta University in Nairobi. "Now they have got members from Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, even Comoros – these are the ones carrying out attacks."The diverse nature of al-Shabaab recruits is backed up by the group's own online propaganda. One photo, published on a pro-al-Shabaab website this year, shows light-skinned and at least one apparently white recruit in desert military uniform during a parade. The site claims that the images were taken at Barawe, a port in south-eastern Somalia where the Kenyan-born suspected al-Qaida operative Saleh Ali Saleh Nabhan was killed in a US military raid in 2009."Al-Shabaab is getting global support. It does not belong to Somalis any more. They have a strong network, and they are going from China to Chile, from Khartoum to Canada," said Abdisamad. "They want to Islamise the whole world, they have a global agenda and are getting advice and recruits from everywhere."Yet despite wides
3 days ago
by Pablo Tortosa, Najla Dsouli, Yann Gomard, Beza Ramasindrazana, Carl W. Dick, Steven M. Goodman Bats and their parasites are increasingly investigated for their role in maintenance and transmission of potentially emerging pathogens....
by Pablo Tortosa, Najla Dsouli, Yann Gomard, Beza Ramasindrazana, Carl W. Dick, Steven M. Goodman Bats and their parasites are increasingly investigated for their role in maintenance and transmission of potentially emerging pathogens. The islands of the western Indian Ocean hold nearly 50 bat species, mostly endemic and taxonomically well studied. However, investigation of associated viral, bacterial, and external parasites has lagged behind. In the case of their ectoparasites, more detailed information should provide insights into the evolutionary history of their hosts, as well as pathogen cycles in these wild animals. Here we investigate species of Nycteribiidae, a family of obligate hematophagous wingless flies parasitizing bats. Using morphological and molecular approaches, we describe fly species diversity sampled on Madagascar and the Comoros for two cave-roosting bat genera with contrasting ecologies: Miniopterus and Rousettus. Within the sampling area, 11 endemic species of insect-feeding Miniopterus occur, two of which are common to Madagascar and Comoros, while fruit-consuming Rousettus are represented by one species endemic to each of these zones. Morphological and molecular characterization of flies reveals that nycteribiids associated with Miniopterus bats comprise three species largely shared by most host species. Flies of M. griveaudi, one of the two bats found on Madagascar and certain islands in the Comoros, belong to the same taxon, which accords with continued over-water population exchange of this bat species and the lack of inter-island genetic structuring. Flies parasitizing Rousettus belong to two distinct species, each associated with a single host species, again in accordance with the distribution of each endemic bat species.
4 days ago
by Oliver Hawlitschek, Zoltán T. Nagy, Johannes Berger, Frank Glaw In the past decade, DNA barcoding became increasingly common as a method for species identification in biodiversity inventories and related studies. However, mainly du...
by Oliver Hawlitschek, Zoltán T. Nagy, Johannes Berger, Frank Glaw In the past decade, DNA barcoding became increasingly common as a method for species identification in biodiversity inventories and related studies. However, mainly due to technical obstacles, squamate reptiles have been the target of few barcoding studies. In this article, we present the results of a DNA barcoding study of squamates of the Comoros archipelago, a poorly studied group of oceanic islands close to and mostly colonized from Madagascar. The barcoding dataset presented here includes 27 of the 29 currently recognized squamate species of the Comoros, including 17 of the 18 endemic species. Some species considered endemic to the Comoros according to current taxonomy were found to cluster with non-Comoran lineages, probably due to poorly resolved taxonomy. All other species for which more than one barcode was obtained corresponded to distinct clusters useful for species identification by barcoding. In most species, even island populations could be distinguished using barcoding. Two cryptic species were identified using the DNA barcoding approach. The obtained barcoding topology, a Bayesian tree based on COI sequences of 5 genera, was compared with available multigene topologies, and in 3 cases, major incongruences between the two topologies became evident. Three of the multigene studies were initiated after initial screening of a preliminary version of the barcoding dataset presented here. We conclude that in the case of the squamates of the Comoros Islands, DNA barcoding has proven a very useful and efficient way of detecting isolated populations and promising starting points for subsequent research.
19 days ago
The United Nations General Assembly has just released its second annual World Happiness Report, measuring happiness and well-being in countries around the world to help guide public policy. Denmark topped the list of the happiest nations...
The United Nations General Assembly has just released its second annual World Happiness Report, measuring happiness and well-being in countries around the world to help guide public policy. Denmark topped the list of the happiest nations, ousting last year's winner, Iceland. Denmark was followed by Norway, Switzerland, the Netherlands, and Sweden. The United States ranked 17th, behind Mexico, though that was an improvement from last year's 23rd place finish. The World Happiness Report ranks countries based on six key factors that contribute to well-being, including GDP per capita, healthy life expectancy, someone to count on, perceived freedom to make life choices, freedom from corruption, and generosity. And in case you were wondering why any of this maters, it turns out happiness helps people live longer, have more productive lives, earn higher wages, and be better citizens in general, according to the report. Here are the 25 happiest countries from the study below. Each color represents one of the six key factors (key at the bottom): And here are the 10 least happy countries, with Togo ranking as the least happy: Togo Benin Central African Republic Burundi Rwanda Tanzania Guinea Comoros Syria Senegal SEE ALSO: The 15 Countries With The Highest Quality Of Life FOLLOW US: Like Business Insider's lifestyle section on Facebook Join the conversation about this story »
22 days ago
Kwaidan Make All the Hell of Dark Metal Bright [Bathetic; 2013] by Gumshoe Rating: ...
Kwaidan Make All the Hell of Dark Metal Bright [Bathetic; 2013] by Gumshoe Rating: While a fledgling collaboration (with only one previous release, a tape on the Accidental Guest imprint) between André Foisy (Locrian, Land of Decay label), Neil Jendon (of former shoegaze godz Catherine), and Mike Weis (Zelienople) might seem like a random, supergroup-style smattering of in-demand indie artists, there’s a thread to be found between the three of them. Jendon, long freed of his Catherine obligations, has been releasing frosty tapes on Foisy’s Land of Decay label, while Weis deals in drones in the Windy City, as Foisy, to some extent, does. So the collaboration is less a happy coincidence than a gathering of like-minded individuals cut from the same holy cloth, the results skewing closest to Jendon’s heady solo material of the last year or two. Make All the Hell of Dark Metal Bright is an apt title for a record replete with New Age-y guitar sprinkles, primitive drum-machine accompaniment, wistful piano, and sci-fi synths, and perhaps serves as a warning for those coming into the Kwaidan fold with weighted expectations. Although there is a sinister darkness lingering on the edges, this is light years away from both black metal-influenced Locrian releases like Territories and satanic drone-metal merchants like, say, Sutekh Hexen. Even those keytar-heavy Circle Of Ouroboros records of late sound like Darkthrone compared to what Kwaidan attempt through this collaboration. It’s a disorganized-sounding collection of tones that, when heard from a distance, somehow make sense together. “Evening Bell” carries the aura of an approaching storm heard from the inside of a house, where you and your tense family are waiting to see if you’ll be spared the brunt of the lumbering, temperamental beast. The floorboards rattle and picture frames fall off the walls, but you’re frozen in place, petrified by potential impending doom. “Gateless Gate” is more of a rhythmic animal, guided by taps and thumps rather than ribbons of drone, though at first I’m reminded of Indiana Jones with a back covered in tarantulas. “Ostension” is the most familiar gesture, registering somewhere between a Comoros (Fedora Corpse) release and a drift the sun never touches. Another example of vague yet far-reaching aims that come together enough to make sense as a whole. As Locrian prepare their new album for Relapse, fans of theirs looking for a stylistic detour — in a career full of them — will find comfort in Make All the Hell of Dark Metal Bright, though there are several releases (their split with Mamiffer, the aforementioned Territories LP, the Rain of Ashes tape, Foisy’s After the Prophecy tape) that serve as superior guides for the uninitiated. 01. Evening Bell 02. Gateless Gate 03. Ostension 04. The Iceberg and Its Shadow 05. Space as Support 06. The Sound of This Bell Links: Bathetic
about 1 month ago
The island of Madagascar harbors a unique biodiversity that evolved due to its long-lasting isolation from other land masses. Numerous plant and animal species are found solely on Madagascar. Lemurs, a subgroup of primates, are among the...
The island of Madagascar harbors a unique biodiversity that evolved due to its long-lasting isolation from other land masses. Numerous plant and animal species are found solely on Madagascar. Lemurs, a subgroup of primates, are among the most prominent representatives of the island's unique fauna. They are found almost exclusively on Madagascar. The only exceptions are two species of the genus Eulemur that also live on the Comoros Islands, where they probably have been introduced by humans. Thanks to extensive field research over the past decades, numerous previously unknown lemur species have been discovered. Dwarf lemurs in turn received relatively little attention to date and the diversity within this genus is still not well known. Researchers of the universities of Mainz and Antananarivo have investigated lemur populations in southern Madagascar. Based on fieldwork and laboratory analyses, they now identified a previously unknown species of dwarf lemur.
2 months ago
The island of Madagascar harbors a unique biodiversity that evolved due to its long-lasting isolation from other land masses. Numerous plant and animal species are found solely on Madagascar. Lemurs, a subgroup of primates, are among the...
The island of Madagascar harbors a unique biodiversity that evolved due to its long-lasting isolation from other land masses. Numerous plant and animal species are found solely on Madagascar. Lemurs, a subgroup of primates, are among the most prominent representatives of the island’s unique fauna. They are found almost exclusively on Madagascar. The only exceptions are two species of the genus Eulemur that also live on the Comoros Islands, where they probably have been introduced by humans.
2 months ago